Is there a role for international courts in upholding the Sino-British Joint Declaration?
The recent implementation of the National Security Law in Hong Kong has brought about unprecedented mass arrests and the barring of pro-democracy candidates from elections. Despite strong opposition by their mainland Chinese counterparts, many international politicians consider it as a serious violation of the Sino-British Joint Declaration (the Declaration). This naturally led to the question, can China be held accountable for breaking an international treaty, from an international law perspective? This article is purely intended for technical discussion and does not reflect the author’s views and opinions.